The Hauptwache is the city center and the most famous square of the Main metropolis. The square is the actual heart of Frankfurt's inner city.
The baroque guard building that gives the whole square its name was built in 1729-30 by the city architect Johann Jakob Samhaimer as a military station.
The Hauptwache was the seat of the city weir and also included a prison.
Senckenberg (brother of the natural scientist) and the infamous "Schinderhannes" were among those sitting here.
The Hauptwache gained historical significance through the guard storm on April 3, 1833, when about 50 young revolutionaries wanted to give a signal for the establishment of a republic.
Since 1904, the popular Café Hauptwache has been located in the historical guard building. This and above all the neighbouring standard clock became the best known meeting place for appointments in the city centre.
In 1944, the Hauptwache burnt out completely after heavy bomb attacks.
It was reopened in 1954 and was completely dismantled in 1967 in the course of the construction of the subway, and then rebuilt one year later above the subway station.
Also the Café Hauptwache was reopened. In the summer, you can watch the hectic hustle and bustle around the centre of Frankfurt's city centre in the cosy Äppler Garden.
An der Hauptwache square, first called Paradeplatz then Schillerplatz, was where all the important tram lines converged in the past.
Even after the construction of the underground, the Hauptwache with its underground station remained one of the most important traffic junctions of the city.
The square was redesigned several times. Its current shape is characterised by a large opening in the ground, which the people of Frankfurt also call "the hole" for short.
The opening opens onto the B-level, an underground shopping arcade below the square that also serves as access to the underground train stations.
The hole should be closed to the B-plane within the scope of a large-scale space improvement.
The resulting square is to regain its pre-war name "Schillerplatz" and the statue of the poet Schiller, banished to the Taunusanlage, is to return to the centre of the square, analogous to the Goethe monument.
The Katharinenkirche (Protestant main church of Frankfurt) on the south side of the square was built in 1681 by Melchior Heßler.
Here Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was christened on August 29, 1749.
Zeil, pedestrian zone and one of Germany's highest-turnover shopping streets, Liebfrauenstraße, Roßmarkt, Steinweg, Schillerstraße and Große Eschenheimer Straße, all depart from the Hauptwache.
Maintower, Börse, Goethehaus, Paulskirche and Alte Oper are only a few steps away. And also the historical old town around the Römerberg is not far away.
Text from: Frankfurt-Tipp.de