With almost 40 degrees Celsius we expect the first really big heat wave of summer 2019 in the next few days. Reason for the German Weather Service to issue an official heat warning for the coming days. Maybe the heat is a blessing for some people. However, extreme temperatures can also lead to health impairments and damage in healthy adults. In order to avoid this, the health department has put together a few simple tips.
The A and O in heat is: drink! But it's not just about the amount. You should also pay attention to a sufficient supply of minerals. This means that instead of low-sodium water, mineral-rich water should be used. Salty snacks can also ensure the increased need for cooking salt due to sweating.
Don't drink drinks containing caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar - these lead to increased fluid loss in the body. Also avoids very cold drinks as they can cause stomach cramps. I'd rather drink it all lukewarm. It may not taste so good, but it is healthy...
Supportive you can also eat melons, tomatoes and cucumbers, because they improve the fluid balance. Berries are also a great alternative. In addition to vitamins, minerals and fibre, they also contain secondary plant substances. These strengthen the heart and circulation, the vessels and the immune system and have an anti-inflammatory effect as well as regulating blood pressure.
Furthermore, it is important to avoid physical exertion during extreme heat and exposure to the sun . If possible stay in the house (if necessary also in air-conditioned rooms). We can also recommend visiting air-conditioned shopping facilities, cinemas or libraries, as even a stay in air-conditioned rooms for only a few hours keeps the body cooler when you return to the heat.
Apartments should be kept as cool as possible by darkening the windows and especially ventilated in the early morning hours and in the evening hours.
If you have to go outside, then
try to pause in the shade as often as possible.
Wears a wide brimed sun hat to protect from the sun.
If you wear sunglasses, apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 15.
Wears the lightest, most non-adjacent cotton clothing possible
Although everyone suffers from intense heat, some people are particularly at risk. These include infants, people over 65 and people with physical illnesses, in particular diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and high blood pressure. These groups should be regularly (at least twice a day) watched for signs of exhaustion from heat and heat stroke, i.e. overheating, weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. Of course, children and especially infants have to be monitored and cared for even more closely.
And, unfortunately, this has to be said again and again: Never leave someone behind in a closed, parked car.
Further information - especially for old and sick people who are particularly at risk from strong heat, but also for doctors and employees in nursing homes - can be found on the home page of the health department at http://www.gesundheitsamt.stadt-frankfurt.de