For centuries the beginning of the year was celebrated at different times. It was not until 1691 that Pope Innocent XII fixed the beginning of the New Year to the first of January.
Many religions, on the other hand, have a movable New Year's Day! The Jews and Islam according to lunar years, the Iranians according to solar years.
In China, Korea and Vietnam, people welcome the New Year between the end of January and the end of February.
New Year is the biggest festival in Chinese culture, celebrated for three days with magnificent dragon and lion parades.
New Year is also associated with various facets of superstition.
Free according to the motto As the New Year begins, so is the whole year was and is also nowadays still proceeded according to certain rules:
So strives bspw. the housewife already since time immemorial to let hang over New Year yes no laundry to the drying, since this brought misfortune and work in the coming year with itself.
In the many rural areas of the alpine region the smoking, the walking of the living and work areas and stables with blessed incense, is usual, in order to drive away the demons.
In the Chinese world, according to ancient tradition, before the New Year begins, the house is thoroughly cleaned with bamboo branches, which drive away evil spirits. During the New Year, one would run the risk of sweeping out luck as well.
Many food and drink customs that people practice at the turn of the year also have a superstitious background.
That one treats oneself to something particularly good on New Year's Day is obvious, after all one says: Who feasts well over the years, has the whole year full.
So some people let the superstition spoon out his lentil soup on New Year's Day, so that the change never runs out in the new year. In other areas, this is attributed to eating sauerkraut.
The New Year's carp is also popular. This involves the father of the house placing one of the fish scales under his plate. This must be kept in the purse throughout the year, which is said to guarantee a bulging wallet.